Adaptive watermarking by using pixel position shifting technique

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1057-1064
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Consumer Electronics
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1999


Here, we propose a watermarking scheme that based on pixel position shifting (PPS). The proposed scheme will shift the watermark locations in the frequency domain such that the watermark locations are difficult to obtain by just using the watermarked image. To enhance the reliability of the retrieval of the watermark data, a (8, 4) distance-4 Hamming code is used. The new proposed algorithm was thoroughly tested and substantial results will be given to prove the robustness of our method. In addition, we compare the results with our previous published method.