Active-IRS Aided Wireless Network : System Modeling and Performance Analysis

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)487-491
Journal / PublicationIEEE Communications Letters
Issue number2
Online published9 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023



Active intelligent reflecting surface (IRS) enables flexible signal reflection control with power amplification, thus effectively compensating the product-distance path-loss in conventional passive-IRS aided systems. In this letter, we characterize the communication performance of an active-IRS aided single-cell wireless network. To this end, we first propose a customized IRS deployment strategy, where the active IRSs are uniformly deployed within a ring concentric with the cell to serve the users far from the base station. Next, given the Nakagami-m fading channel, we characterize the cascaded active-IRS channel by using the mixture Gamma distribution approximation and derive a closed-form expression for the mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) at the user averaged over channel fading. Moreover, we numerically show that to maximize the system performance, it is necessary to choose a proper active-IRS density given a fixed number of total reflecting elements, which significantly differs from the passive-IRS case for which the centralized IRS deployment scheme is better. Furthermore, the active-IRS aided wireless network achieves higher spatial throughput than the passive-IRS counterpart when the total number of reflecting elements is small.

Research Area(s)

  • active IRS, Intelligent reflecting surface (IRS), mixture Gamma distribution, spatial throughput

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