Activating Layered Metal Oxide Nanomaterials via Structural Engineering as Biodegradable Nanoagents for Photothermal Cancer Therapy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Zhan Zhou
  • Xianwen Wang
  • Hui Zhang
  • Lina Sun
  • Lu Ma
  • Yonghua Du
  • Chengjie Pei
  • Qinghua Zhang
  • Hai Li
  • Lufang Ma
  • Lin Gu
  • Zhuang Liu
  • Liang Cheng

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Journal / PublicationSmall
Volume17
Issue number12
Online published16 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2021

Abstract

Layered metal oxides including MoO3 and WO3 have been widely explored for biological applications owing to their excellent biocompatibility, low toxicity, and easy preparation. However, they normally exhibit weak or negligible near-infrared (NIR) absorption and thus are inefficient for photo-induced biomedical applications. Herein, the structural engineering of layered MoO3 and WO3 nanostructures is first reported to activate their NIR-II absorption for efficient photothermal cancer therapy in the NIR-II window. White-colored micrometre-long MoO3 nanobelts are transformed into blue-colored short, thin, defective, interlayer gap-expanded MoO3−x nanobelts with a strong NIR-II absorption via the simple lithium treatment. The blue MoO3−x nanobelts exhibit a large extinction coefficient of 18.2 L g−1 cm−1 and high photothermal conversion efficiency of 46.9% at 1064 nm. After surface modification, the MoO3−x nanobelts can be used as a robust nanoagent for photoacoustic imaging-guided photothermal therapy to achieve efficient cancer cell ablation and tumor eradication under irradiation by a 1064 nm laser. Importantly, the biodegradable MoO3−x nanobelts can be rapidly degraded and excreted from body. The study highlights that the structural engineering of layered metal oxides is a powerful strategy to tune their properties and thus boost their performances in given applications.

Research Area(s)

  • biodegradable nanoagents, layered metal oxides, near-infrared-II window, photothermal therapy, structural engineering

Citation Format(s)

Activating Layered Metal Oxide Nanomaterials via Structural Engineering as Biodegradable Nanoagents for Photothermal Cancer Therapy. / Zhou, Zhan; Wang, Xianwen; Zhang, Hui; Huang, Haoxin; Sun, Lina; Ma, Lu; Du, Yonghua; Pei, Chengjie; Zhang, Qinghua; Li, Hai; Ma, Lufang; Gu, Lin; Liu, Zhuang; Cheng, Liang; Tan, Chaoliang.

In: Small, Vol. 17, No. 12, 25.03.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review