Acoustic helical dichroism in a one-dimensional lattice of chiral resonators

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Original languageEnglish
Article number024111
Journal / PublicationPhysical Review B
Issue number2
Online published31 Jan 2022
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022



Circular dichroism and helical dichroism are intriguing chiroptical phenomena with broad applications in optical sensing and imaging. Here, we generalize one of the phenomena-helical dichroism-to acoustics. We show that a one-dimensional lattice of chiral resonators with loss can induce differential absorption of helical sounds (i.e., acoustic vortices) carrying opposite orbital angular momentum (OAM). This acoustic helical dichroism strongly depends on the rotation symmetry of the chiral resonators. Breaking the C4 rotation symmetry can induce coupling between the opposite chiral dipole modes of the resonators. This leads to OAM band gaps and non-Hermitian exceptional points near the Brillouin-zone center and boundaries, which together give rise to significantly enhanced helical dichroism. The underlying physics can be well captured by an effective Hamiltonian that quantitatively reproduces the complex band structures. The acoustic helical dichroism can find important applications in acoustic OAM manipulations and chiral sound-matter interactions.

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