Achieving combined biological short-cut nitrogen and phosphorus removal in a one sludge system with side-stream sludge treatment

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xuanyu Lu
  • Haoran Duan
  • Adrian Oehmen
  • Gilda Carvalho
  • Liu Ye

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number117563
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume203
Online published16 Aug 2021
Publication statusPublished - 15 Sept 2021
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Biological nitrogen (N) removal via the short-cut pathway (NH4+-N→NO2-N→N2) is economically attractive in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs). However, biological phosphorus (P) removal processes remain a bottleneck in these systems due to the strong inhibitory effect of nitrite or its protonated form (HNO2, free nitrous acid - FNA) on polyphosphate accumulating organisms (PAOs). In this study, a novel combined nitrogen and phosphorus removal strategy was verified and achieved in a biological short-cut nitrogen removal system via side-stream sludge treatment with FNA, and the mechanisms impacting this process were investigated. The side-stream FNA treatment process applied here led to a significant reduction in the real sludge retention time (SRT) in the mainstream (approximately 2.7 days) based on the biocidal effect of FNA to the majority of the organisms. This work also found that around 40% of the P uptake activity was still maintained at a much higher FNA level of 38 μg N/L with potential PAOs, which highly broadened the current knowledge of PAOs community. An economic analysis revealed advantages of the proposed as compared to conventional biological nitrogen and phosphorus removal (13% savings in total cost), biological short-cut nitrogen removal (via FNA treatment) with chemical phosphorus precipitation (21% savings) and conventional biological nitrogen removal with chemical precipitation (27% savings). Overall, this study presents a novel and viable retrofit strategy in integrating biological short-cut nitrogen removal with EBPR for next generation WWTPs. © 2021 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Biological phosphorus removal, FNA, Inhibition, Next-generation wastewater treatment, Partial nitrification, Short-SRT

Citation Format(s)

Achieving combined biological short-cut nitrogen and phosphorus removal in a one sludge system with side-stream sludge treatment. / Lu, Xuanyu; Duan, Haoran; Oehmen, Adrian et al.
In: Water Research, Vol. 203, 117563, 15.09.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review