Accurate ellipsometric measurement of refractive index and thickness of ultrathin oxide film

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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  • B. M. Ayupov
  • V. A. Gritsenko
  • Hei Wong
  • C. W. Kim

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Original languageEnglish
Article number039612JES
Journal / PublicationJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2006


This work presents some suggestions to improve the accuracy of ellipsometry for determining the refractive indices and thicknesses of ultrathin thermal SiO2 films on silicon. The effects of substrate optical parameter variations on the ellipsometric measurement were ruled out by conducting the ellipsometric measurements in several different media instead of air. An improved ellipsometer adjustment procedure was developed to minimize the error for ψ and Δ angle measurement and to check the anisotropy of the sample. To extract the thickness and refractive index of ultrathin dielectric film from the light polarization parameters, an optimization technique with fluctuation of substrate parameter taken into account was proposed. Our results show that the refractive indices of ultrathin (2.1- 8 nm) thermal oxide films prepared by several different methods fall in the range of 1.475±0.003. The Electrochemical Society © 2006 The Electrochemical Society.