Accumulation and apparent oxidation of cis,trans-18 : 2 isomers relative to linoleic acid in rats

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)249-255
Journal / PublicationBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume86
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Dietary cis,trans-18:2 isomers impair desaturation and elongation of linoleic acid (Δ9cis,12cis-18:2), but little is known of their proportional partitioning between accumulation and oxidation. The present study was therefore designed to assess the accumulation and apparent oxidation of cis,trans-18:2 isomers compared with that of trans-18:1 isomers and Δ9cis,12cis-18:2 in rats. Accumulation is defined as whole-body increase in a fatty acid during a given period (i.e. final body content-initial body content). The apparent oxidation (disappearance) is defined as whole-body utilization of a fatty acid relative to its intake for a given period (intake-excretion-accumulation-longer-chain products)/intake×100). The animals were fed on a diet containing 15 % (w/w) partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil with 1.72 % energy as cis,trans-18:2 isomers and varying amounts of Δ9cis,12cis-18:2. The apparent oxidation of total cis,trans-18:2 isomers (72-76% dietary intake) was greater that that of Δ9cis,12cis-18:2 (38-51 % dietary intake) but it was similar to that of total trans-18:1 isomers (78-82 % dietary intake). Among the four isomers, the apparent oxidation of Δ9trans,12-trans-18:2 was greater than that of the other isomers including Δ9trans,12cis-18:2, Δ9cis,12trans-18:2 and Δ9cis,13trans-18:2. Accumulation of Δ5cis,8cis,11cis,15trans-20:4 and Δ5cis,8cis,11cis,14trans-20:4 derived from chain-elongation and desaturation of Δ9cis,13trans-18:2 and Δ9cis,12trans-18:2 was decreased when the dietary Δ9cis,12cis-18:2 supply was increased.

Research Area(s)

  • cis,trans-18:2 isomers, Linoleic acid, Oxidation, Partially hydrogenated rapeseed oil, trans-Fatty acids, trans-Linoleic acids

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