Abnormal glucose metabolism is associated with clinical symptoms of adolescent-onset patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Yongjie Zhou
  • Ruoxi Wang
  • Ling Qi
  • Xin Zhou
  • Xiuli Song
  • Lingyun Zeng
  • Xiangyang Zhang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number102716
Journal / PublicationAsian Journal of Psychiatry
Volume62
Online published29 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2021

Abstract

Extensive studies have reported alterations in glucose metabolism in adult-onset patients with schizophrenia, but less attention has been paid to adolescent-onset patients with first-episode drug-naive (FEDN) schizophrenia. The purpose of this study was to compare glucose metabolism between adolescent-onset patients with FEDN schizophrenia and healthy controls and to investigate the relationship between glucose metabolism and clinical symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. This study compared the glycometabolism parameters between 51 adolescents-onset patients with FEDN schizophrenia and 51 age- and sex-matched healthy controls. The Chinese version of the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale, and Hamilton Depression Rating Scale were used to assess patients' psychiatric, anxiety, and depressive symptoms. The results showed that compared with healthy controls, the patients had a significantly higher prevalence of impaired fasting glucose and insulin resistance, as well as higher fasting plasma glucose, fasting plasma insulin, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index (HOMA-IR) and triglycerides, but lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels. Moreover, HOMA-IR was negatively associated with PANSS general psychopathology, while glucose was positively correlated with depressive symptoms among patients. In sum, adolescent-onset patients with FEDN schizophrenia are more likely to have abnormal glucose metabolism and dyslipidemia than their healthy counterparts. Moreover, abnormal glucose metabolism may be closely related to the psychopathological symptoms of schizophrenia in the early stage of the disease.

Research Area(s)

  • Adolescence, First-episode drug-naive, Glycometabolism, Psychopathology, Schizophrenia

Citation Format(s)

Abnormal glucose metabolism is associated with clinical symptoms of adolescent-onset patients with first-episode drug-naive schizophrenia. / Hu, Jinghan; Zhou, Yongjie; Wang, Ruoxi; Qi, Ling; Zhou, Xin; Song, Xiuli; Zeng, Lingyun; Zhang, Xiangyang.

In: Asian Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 62, 102716, 08.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review