A unified analysis of quaternary DS-CDMA systems with arbitrary chip waveforms and its applications

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-129
Journal / PublicationWireless Personal Communications
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2004


This paper is to present a systematic performance analysis of asynchronous quaternary direct sequence code division multiple access (DS-CDMA) systems using random signature sequences with arbitrary chip waveforms. The simplified improved Gaussian approximation method for bit error rate computation is extended to include arbitrary time-limited (full response or partial response) or band-limited chip waveforms with arbitrary receiver filters. As a time-limited partial response chip waveform modulation format, the well-known power and spectral efficient "superposed quadrature amplitude modulation" with matched filter or zero-forcing filter is evaluated, and the results show that the optimum zero-forcing filter will yield a performance better than the matched filter counterpart. For band-limited chip waveforms, based on an elementary density function of a second-order polynomial, a class of second-order continuity pulses is proposed for analysis. It is found that all common band-limited pulses are only its special cases. As a member of the class, the widely used frequency domain raised cosine pulse has the worst anti-multiuser-access-interference capability, which has been pointed out in (H. H. Nguyen, Proceedings of IEEE Canadian Conference on Electrical & Computer Engineering, 2002, pp. 1271-1275).

Research Area(s)

  • Chip waveform, DS-CDMA, Offset quadrature modulation, Performance analysis