A start codon mutation of the TSPAN12 gene in Chinese families causes clinical heterogeneous familial exudative vitreoretinopathy

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Wei Li
  • Ziwei Wang
  • Yan Sun
  • Zhuoshi Wang
  • Jinyue Bai
  • Bo Xing
  • Xiao Sun
  • Wei He

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere948
Journal / PublicationMolecular genetics & genomic medicine
Volume7
Issue number10
Online published26 Aug 2019
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2019

Link(s)

Abstract

Background: Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy (FEVR) is a severe clinically and genetically heterogeneous retinal disorder characterized with failure of vascular development of the peripheral retina. The symptoms of FEVR vary widely among patients in the same family, and even between the two eyes of a given patient. The purpose of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms by which the start codon mutation of the TSPAN12 causes difference in clinical manifestations between individuals in the same family.
Methods: Next‐generation sequencing (NGS)‐based target capture sequencing was performed in proband with a diagnosis of FEVR and their normal visual acuity family members. Cosegregation analysis of the candidate causative variant was performed in additional family members by using Sanger sequencing. Complete fundus examination, fundus fluorescein angiography (FFA), and family history collection were performed in all family members. Potential candidate causative variants were verified with reference to guidelines and standards from the American College of Medical Genetics and Genomics.
Results: We identified a novel heterozygous missense mutation (c.1A>G, p.M1V) localized in the start codon of the TSPAN12 and was detected as a potentially disease‐causing variant for the proband. Retrospective analysis of clinical data, fundus examination, and FFA showed that the mutant carrier presented peripheral retinal vascular anomalies in early stages, and visual acuity did not show significant effects. However, the proband who carried this mutation and his cousin showed typical high‐stage FEVR fundus changes coupled with a sharp decline in vision.
Conclusions: We report a novel start codon mutation (c.1A>G, p.M1V) in the TSPAN12 that causes clinically heterogeneous manifestations. Our results expand the mutation spectrums of TSPAN12, and will be valuable for disease diagnosis, prognosis, genetic counseling, and enriching our understanding of the role of the tetraspanin‐12 protein in the pathogenesis of FEVR.

Research Area(s)

  • clinical heterogeneous manifestations, Familial exudative vitreoretinopathy, fundus fluorescein angiography, start codon mutation

Citation Format(s)

A start codon mutation of the TSPAN12 gene in Chinese families causes clinical heterogeneous familial exudative vitreoretinopathy. / Li, Wei; Wang, Ziwei; Sun, Yan; Wang, Zhuoshi; Bai, Jinyue; Xing, Bo; Sun, Xiao; Wang, Lusheng; Li, Jiankang; He, Wei.

In: Molecular genetics & genomic medicine, Vol. 7, No. 10, e948, 10.2019.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

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