A spatial compounding method for non-delayed sequential beamforming

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

View graph of relations

Related Research Unit(s)


Original languageEnglish
Article number9200
Journal / PublicationApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Issue number19
Online published2 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2021



We present a new spatial compounding method to improve the contrast of ultrasonic images for non-delayed sequential beamforming (NDSB). Sequential beamforming adopts more than one beamformer to reconstruct B-mode images which has the advantage of simple front-end electronics and fast data transfer rate. Via field pattern analysis, we propose a compounding method where two more sub-images can be reconstructed along with the NDSB sub-image. These sub-images can be seen as being produced with different transmit origins; thus, their summation enhances image contrast. Image quality was analyzed in terms of spatial resolution, contrast ratio (CR), and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). The proposed compounding method improves the lateral resolution up to 41%. In vitro results confirm a 13.0-dB CR and 4.0-dB CNR improvement. In vivo results reveal 10.9-dB and 6.0-dB improvement in CR and CNR for cross-section jugular vein and 8.0-dB and 4.5-dB improvement in CR and CNR for the longitudinal-section carotid artery.

Research Area(s)

  • B-mode, Beamforming, Focused imaging, Sequential beamforming, Spatial compounding, Synthetic aperture

Download Statistics

No data available