A spatial analysis of Rift Valley fever virus seropositivity in domestic ruminants in Tanzania

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

18 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Calvin Sindato
  • Esron D. Karimuribo
  • Leonard E.G. Mboera
  • Mark M. Rweyemamu
  • Janusz T. Paweska

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0131873
Journal / PublicationPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jul 2015
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Rift Valley fever (RVF) is an acute arthropod-borne viral zoonotic disease primarily occurring in Africa. Since RVF-like disease was reported in Tanzania in 1930, outbreaks of the disease have been reported mainly from the eastern ecosystem of the Great Rift Valley. This cross-sectional study was carried out to describe the variation in RVF virus (RVFV) seropositivity in domestic ruminants between selected villages in the eastern and western Rift Valley ecosystems in Tanzania, and identify potential risk factors. Three study villages were purposively selected from each of the two Rift Valley ecosystems. Serum samples from randomly selected domestic ruminants (n = 1,435) were tested for the presence of specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and M (IgM), using RVF enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay methods. Mixed effects logistic regression modelling was used to investigate the association between potential risk factors and RVFV seropositivity. The overall RVFV seroprevalence (n = 1,435) in domestic ruminants was 25.8% and speciesspecific seroprevalence was 29.7%, 27.7%and 22.0% in sheep (n = 148), cattle (n = 756) and goats (n = 531), respectively. The odds of seropositivity were significantly higher in animals sampled from the villages in the eastern than those in the western Rift Valley ecosystem (OR = 1.88, CI: 1.41, 2.51; p

Citation Format(s)

A spatial analysis of Rift Valley fever virus seropositivity in domestic ruminants in Tanzania. / Sindato, Calvin; Pfeiffer, Dirk U.; Karimuribo, Esron D.; Mboera, Leonard E.G.; Rweyemamu, Mark M.; Paweska, Janusz T.

In: PLoS ONE, Vol. 10, No. 7, e0131873, 10.07.2015.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal