A Sequential Subspace Method for Millimeter Wave MIMO Channel Estimation

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
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Original languageEnglish
Article number9055163
Pages (from-to)5355-5368
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology
Issue number5
Online published2 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - May 2020


Data transmission over the millimeter wave (mmWave) in fifth-generation wireless networks aims to support very high speed wireless communications. A substantial increase in spectrum efficiency for mmWave transmission can be achieved by using advanced hybrid analog-digital precoding, for which accurate channel state information (CSI) is the key. Rather than estimating the entire channel matrix, it is now well-understood that directly estimating subspace information, which contains fewer parameters, does have enough information to design transceivers. However, the large channel use overhead and associated computational complexity in the existing channel subspace estimation techniques are major obstacles to deploy the subspace approach for channel estimation. In this paper, we propose a sequential two-stage subspace estimation method that can resolve the overhead issues and provide accurate subspace information. Utilizing a sequential method enables us to avoid manipulating the entire high-dimensional training signal, which greatly reduces the computational complexity. Specifically, in the first stage, the proposed method samples the columns of channel matrix to estimate its column subspace. Then, based on the obtained column subspace, it optimizes the training signals to estimate the row subspace. For a channel with Νr receive antennas and Nt transmit antennas, our analysis shows that the proposed technique only requires (Nt) channel uses, while providing a guarantee of subspace estimation accuracy. By theoretical analysis, it is shown that the similarity between the estimated subspace and the true subspace is linearly related to the signal-to-noise ratio (SNR), i.e., (SNR), at high SNR, while quadratically related to the SNR, i.e., (SNR2), at low SNR. Simulation results show that the proposed sequential subspace method can provide improved subspace accuracy, normalized mean squared error, and spectrum efficiency over existing methods.

Research Area(s)

  • Channel estimation, compressed sensing, milli-meter wave communication, multi-input multi-output, subspace estimation