A review on mechanistic understanding of microplastic pollution on the performance of anaerobic digestion

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

11 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • M. K. Manu
  • Liwen Luo
  • Reeti Kumar
  • Davidraj Johnravindar
  • Dongyi Li
  • Jun Zhao
  • Jonathan Wong

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number121426
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Pollution
Volume325
Online published10 Mar 2023
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2023

Abstract

Anaerobic digestion (AD) has emerged as a promising technology for diverting the organic waste from the landfills along with the production of clean energy. AD is a microbial-driven biochemical process wherein the plethora of microbial communities participate in converting the putrescible organic matter into biogas. Nevertheless, the AD process is susceptible to the external environmental factors such as presence of physical (microplastics) and chemical (antibiotics, pesticides) pollutants. The microplastics (MPs) pollution has received recent attention due to the increasing plastic pollution in terrestrial ecosystems. This review was aimed for holistic assessment of impact of MPs pollution on AD process to develop efficient treatment technology. First, the possible pathways of MPs entry into the AD systems were critically evaluated. Further, the recent literature on the experimental studies pertaining to the impact of different types of MPs at different concentrations on the AD process was reviewed. In addition, several mechanisms such as direct exposure of MPs on the microbial cells, indirect impact of MPs through the leaching of toxic chemicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation on AD process were elucidated. Besides, the risk possessed by the increase of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) after the AD process due to the MPs stress on microbial communities were discussed. Overall, this review deciphered the severity of MPs pollution on AD process at different levels. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Anaerobic digestion, Microbial toxicity, Microplastics, Plastic leaching, Reactive oxygen species generation

Citation Format(s)

A review on mechanistic understanding of microplastic pollution on the performance of anaerobic digestion. / Manu, M. K.; Luo, Liwen; Kumar, Reeti et al.
In: Environmental Pollution, Vol. 325, 121426, 15.05.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review