A pyrosequencing study in twins shows that gastrointestinal microbial profiles vary with inflammatory bowel disease phenotypes

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Ben P. Willing
  • Johan Dicksved
  • Jonas Halfvarson
  • Anders F. Andersson
  • Marianna Lucio
  • Gunnar Järnerot
  • Curt Tysk
  • Janet K. Jansson
  • Lars Engstrand

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1844-1854.e1
Journal / PublicationGastroenterology
Volume139
Issue number6
Early online date3 Sep 2010
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

Background & Aims: The composition of the gastrointestinal microbiota is thought to have an important role in the etiology of inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) such as Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Interindividual variation and an inability to detect less abundant bacteria have made it difficult to correlate specific bacteria with disease.

Methods: We used 454 pyrotag sequencing to determine the compositions of microbial communities in feces samples collected from a cohort of 40 twin pairs who were concordant or discordant for CD or UC, and in mucosal samples from a subset of the cohort. The cohort primarily comprised patients who were in remission, but also some with active disease.

Results: The profiles of the microbial community differed with disease phenotypes; relative amounts of bacterial populations correlated with IBD phenotypes. The microbial compositions of individuals with CD differed from those of healthy individuals, but were similar between healthy individuals and individuals with UC. Profiles from individuals with CD that predominantly involved the ileum differed from those with CD that predominantly involved the colon; several bacterial populations increased or decreased with disease type. Changes specific to patients with ileal CD included the disappearance of core bacteria, such as Faecalibacterium and Roseburia, and increased amounts of Enterobacteriaceae and Ruminococcus gnavus.

Conclusions: Bacterial populations differ in abundance among individuals with different phenotypes of CD. Specific species of bacteria are associated with ileal CD; further studies should investigate their role in pathogenesis.

Research Area(s)

  • CCD, Gastrointestinal Microbiome, ICD, Microbial Profiling, Pyrosequencing

Citation Format(s)

A pyrosequencing study in twins shows that gastrointestinal microbial profiles vary with inflammatory bowel disease phenotypes. / Willing, Ben P.; Dicksved, Johan; Halfvarson, Jonas; Andersson, Anders F.; Lucio, Marianna; Zheng, Zongli; Järnerot, Gunnar; Tysk, Curt; Jansson, Janet K.; Engstrand, Lars.

In: Gastroenterology, Vol. 139, No. 6, 12.2010, p. 1844-1854.e1.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review