A possible role of coarse fractionated radiotherapy in the management of gingival squamous cell carcinoma in dogs : A retrospective study of 21 cases from two referral centers in the UK

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)447-455
Journal / PublicationJournal of Veterinary Medical Science
Volume83
Issue number3
Online published25 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

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Abstract

Surgery with or without the addition of radiotherapy is the treatment of choice for canine oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Fractionated radiotherapy alone is also effective in the long-term control of the disease, however coarse fractionated radiotherapy (CF-RT) for gingival SCC has not been extensively reported. The aim of this study was to describe side effects, clinical response, and median survival time (MST) of dogs with gingival SCC treated with CF-RT in the palliative and adjuvant setting. Twenty-one cases from two referral centres in the UK treated with CF-RT for gingival SCC between July 2013 and June 2019 were retrospectively evaluated. Of the 21 dogs, 11 developed mild acute adverse effects. Oral mucositis was the most common radiation induced toxicity. Three dogs developed chronic severe adverse effects (oro-nasal fistula, bone necrosis and gum recession). Overall clinical response rate was 77% in dogs receiving palliative treatment with MST of 365 days (60–1,095 days). MST was not reached for dogs treated in the adjuvant setting with a mean of 466 days (121–730 days). In cases of advanced gross disease CF-RT might have a role in short term palliation of clinical signs. However, it carries a significant risk of late toxicity for cases with unexpectedly long survival times and further investigations are required to identify an optimal CF-RT protocol. Randomized controlled trials are needed to confirm the role of CF-RT as adjuvant treatment of incompletely resected gingival SCC.

Research Area(s)

  • Canine, Oral tumor, Palliative, Radiation therapy, Squamous cell carcinoma

Citation Format(s)

A possible role of coarse fractionated radiotherapy in the management of gingival squamous cell carcinoma in dogs: A retrospective study of 21 cases from two referral centers in the UK. / MOSCA, Andrea; GIBSON, Danielle; MASON, Sarah L. et al.
In: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science, Vol. 83, No. 3, 03.2021, p. 447-455.

Research output: Journal Publications and ReviewsRGC 21 - Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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