A novel sulfide-driven denitrification methane oxidation (SDMO) system : Operational performance and metabolic mechanisms

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Wei Wang
  • Lei Zhao
  • Bing-Jie Ni
  • Tian-Ming Yin
  • Ruo-Chen Zhang
  • Miao Yu
  • Bo Shao
  • Xi-Jun Xu
  • De-Feng Xing
  • Nan-Qi Ren
  • Chuan Chen

Related Research Unit(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number118909
Journal / PublicationWater Research
Volume222
Online published27 Jul 2022
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2022

Abstract

Microbial denitrification is a crucial biological process for the treatment of nitrogen-polluted water. Traditional denitrification process consumes external organic carbon leading to an increase in treatment costs. We developed a novel sulfide-driven denitrification methane oxidation (SDMO) system that integrates autotrophic denitrification (AD) and denitrification anaerobic methane oxidation (DAMO) for cost-effective denitrification and biogas utilization in situ. Two SDMO systems were operated for 735 days, with nitrate and nitrite serving as electron acceptors, to explore the performance of sewage denitrification and characterize metabolic mechanisms. Results showed SDMO system could reach as high as 100% efficiency of nitrogen removal and biogas desulfurization without an external carbon source when HRT was 10 days and inflow nitrogen concentrations were 50–100 mgN·L−1. Besides, nitrate was a preferable electron acceptor for SDMO system. Biogas not only enhanced nitrogen removal but also intensified the DAMO, nitrogen removed through DAMO contribution doubled as original period from 2.9 mgN·(L·d)−1 to 6.2 mgN·(L·d)−1, and the ratio of nitrate removal through AD to DAMO was 1.2:1 with nitrate as electron acceptor. While nitrogen removed almost all through AD contribution and DAMO was weaken as before, the ratio of nitrate removal through AD to DAMO was 21.2:1 with nitrite as electron acceptor. Biogas introduced into SDMO system with nitrate inspired the growth of DAMO bacteria Candidatus Methylomirabilis from 0.3% to 19.6% and motivated its potentiality to remove nitrate without ANME archaea participation accompanying with gene mfnE upregulating ∼100 times. According to the reconstructed genome from binning analysis, the dramatically upregulated gene mfnE was derived from Candidatus Methylomirabilis, which may represent a novel metabolism pathway for DAMO bacteria to replace the role of archaea for nitrate reduction.

Research Area(s)

  • Autotrophic denitrification, Biogas desulfurization, Biogas utilization in situ, Sewage nitrogen removal, Sulfide-driven denitrification methane oxidation

Citation Format(s)

A novel sulfide-driven denitrification methane oxidation (SDMO) system : Operational performance and metabolic mechanisms. / Wang, Wei; Zhao, Lei; Ni, Bing-Jie; Yin, Tian-Ming; Zhang, Ruo-Chen; Yu, Miao; Shao, Bo; Xu, Xi-Jun; Xing, De-Feng; Lee, Duu-Jong; Ren, Nan-Qi; Chen, Chuan.

In: Water Research, Vol. 222, 118909, 15.08.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review