A Moderated Mediation Model of the Relationship between Family Dynamics and Sleep Quality in College Students : The Role of Big Five Personality and Only-Child Status

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Xiaocen Jia
  • Yiqing Huang
  • Wenli Yu
  • Fei Qi
  • Yibo Wu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number3576
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume19
Issue number6
Online published17 Mar 2022
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Link(s)

Abstract

Sleep quality among college students is affected by numerous factors. Previous studies have linked sleep quality to family dynamics as well as personality. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. The aim of this study is to incorporate a moderated mediation model to explore the big five personality traits in mediating the relationship between family dynamics and sleep quality and whether this indirect relationship is modified by only-child status among Chinese undergraduate students. Survey data were collected from a cross-sectional study conducted in Shandong, China and 1022 undergraduate students aged 18–24 were recruited. The mediation and moderated mediation modeling analyses were carried out with the software SPSS PROCESS macro. After controlling for gender and grade, mediation analysis indicated that conscientiousness and agreeableness of the big five personality traits partially mediated the link between family dynamics and sleep quality (β = −0.0093, CI: −0.0178, −0.0018; β = −0.0047, CI: −0.0084, −0.0013), and moderation analysis found only-child status acted as a moderator in the relationship between family dynamics and the agreeableness of the big five personality traits (only child, β = −0.0129, CI: −0.0196, −0.0072; non-only-child, β = −0.0040, CI: −0.0078, −0.0002). Results showed that family dynamics positively predicted sleep quality both directly and indirectly via the conscientiousness and agreeableness of big five personality traits. Only-child status moderated the indirect association between family dynamics and agreeableness of big five personality traits. The current study advanced our understanding of the mechanism underlying the connection between family dynamics and sleep quality and helped to develop intervention measures to improve sleep quality of college students.

Research Area(s)

  • Agreeableness, Chinese undergraduate students, Conscientiousness, Family dynamics, Moderated mediation, Only-child status, Quality of sleep

Citation Format(s)

A Moderated Mediation Model of the Relationship between Family Dynamics and Sleep Quality in College Students : The Role of Big Five Personality and Only-Child Status. / Jia, Xiaocen; Huang, Yiqing; Yu, Wenli; Ming, Wai-Kit; Qi, Fei; Wu, Yibo.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 19, No. 6, 3576, 03.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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