A miniature triaxial apparatus for investigating the micromechanics of granular soils with in situ X-ray micro-tomography scanning

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal

2 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)357–373
Journal / PublicationFrontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering
Volume14
Issue number2
Online published11 Mar 2020
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Abstract

The development of a miniature triaxial apparatus is presented. In conjunction with an X-ray microtomography (termed as X-ray μCT hereafter) facility and advanced image processing techniques, this apparatus can be used for in situ investigation of the micro-scale mechanical behavior of granular soils under shear. The apparatus allows for triaxial testing of a miniature dry sample with a size of 8 mm × 16 mm (diameter × height). In situ triaxial testing of a 0.4–0.8 mm Leighton Buzzard sand (LBS) under a constant confining pressure of 500 kPa is presented. The evolutions of local porosities (i.e., the porosities of regions associated with individual particles), particle kinematics (i.e., particle translation and particle rotation) of the sample during the shear are quantitatively studied using image processing and analysis techniques. Meanwhile, a novel method is presented to quantify the volumetric strain distribution of the sample based on the results of local porosities and particle tracking. It is found that the sample, with nearly homogenous initial local porosities, starts to exhibit obvious inhomogeneity of local porosities and localization of particle kinematics and volumetric strain around the peak of deviatoric stress. In the post-peak shear stage, large local porosities and volumetric dilation mainly occur in a localized band. The developed triaxial apparatus, in its combined use of X-ray μCT imaging techniques, is a powerful tool to investigate the micro-scale mechanical behavior of granular soils.

Research Area(s)

  • granular soils, in situ test, micro-scale mechanical behavior, triaxial apparatus, X-ray μCT

Citation Format(s)

A miniature triaxial apparatus for investigating the micromechanics of granular soils with in situ X-ray micro-tomography scanning. / CHENG, Zhuang; WANG, Jianfeng; COOP, Matthew Richard; YE, Guanlin.

In: Frontiers of Structural and Civil Engineering, Vol. 14, No. 2, 04.2020, p. 357–373.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journal