A long-standing polarized electric field in TiO2@BaTiO3/CdS nanocomposite for effective photocatalytic hydrogen evolution

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Chengwu Yang
  • Yibo Chen
  • Tingzhen Chen
  • Saravanan Rajendran
  • Jiaqian Qin
  • Xinyu Zhang

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number122758
Journal / PublicationFuel
Online published6 Dec 2021
Publication statusOnline published - 6 Dec 2021

Abstract

Ferroelectrics have the advantage of spatially separating the photogenerated charge carriers via the spontaneous polarized electric field, although the strength of the polarized electric field may suffer from the influence of the electrostatic shielding effect, which could reduce the charge carrier separation without mechanical stress. Herein, we developed a novel CdS decorated TiO2@BaTiO3 core–shell nanocomposite, where the optimal ratio of TiO2, BaTiO3 and CdS are 53.43, 37.37 and 9.20 wt%, respectively, for the best photocatalytic activity. The TiO2@BaTiO3/CdS nanocomposite reported in this work offers a persistent electric field in the ferroelectric BaTiO3 shell, due to the limited shielding effect in an asymmetrically polarized field. With the built-in electric field as the driving force, the photogenerated electrons and holes flowed into the CdS surface and the TiO2 core, respectively, with improved charge separation to participate in water-splitting reactions. The measured charge carrier lifetime of TiO2@BaTiO3/CdS nanocomposite via transient fluorescence spectrum is 0.42 ns, which is much longer than the TiO2 (0.25 ns) and TiO2@BaTiO3 (0.31 ns) samples. The TiO2@BaTiO3/CdS nanocomposite shows an enhanced photocatalytic hydrogen evolution rate of 13.22 mmol/g∙h under visible light illumination with an AQE of 52.50 % at 405 nm monochromatic light. This is much better than their components and binary composites, including TiO2/Pt (0.63 mmol/g∙h), CdS (1.23 mmol/g∙h), TiO2@BaTiO3 (0.03 mmol/g∙h), TiO2/CdS (0.53 mmol/g∙h), and BaTiO3/CdS (2.62 mmol/g∙h). This work provides an effective strategy for the construction of a ferroelectric photocatalyst with much-improved charge separation by the permanent internal electric field.

Research Area(s)

  • Ferroelectric, Photocatalytic hydrogen, Photocatalytic nanocomposite, Polarized electric field, Spatial charge separation

Citation Format(s)

A long-standing polarized electric field in TiO2@BaTiO3/CdS nanocomposite for effective photocatalytic hydrogen evolution. / Yang, Chengwu; Chen, Yibo; Chen, Tingzhen; Rajendran, Saravanan; Zeng, Zhiyuan; Qin, Jiaqian; Zhang, Xinyu.

In: Fuel, 06.12.2021.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review