A Lightweight Framework For Chromatin Loop Detection at the Single-Cell Level

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number2303502
Journal / PublicationAdvanced Science
Volume10
Issue number33
Online published10 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 24 Nov 2023

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Abstract

Single-cell Hi-C (scHi-C) has made it possible to analyze chromatin organization at the single-cell level. However, scHi-C experiments generate inherently sparse data, which poses a challenge for loop calling methods. The existing approach performs significance tests across the imputed dense contact maps, leading to substantial computational overhead and loss of information at the single-cell level. To overcome this limitation, a lightweight framework called scGSLoop is proposed, which sets a new paradigm for scHi-C loop calling by adapting the training and inferencing strategies of graph-based deep learning to leverage the sequence features and 1D positional information of genomic loci. With this framework, sparsity is no longer a challenge, but rather an advantage that the model leverages to achieve unprecedented computational efficiency. Compared to existing methods, scGSLoop makes more accurate predictions and is able to identify more loops that have the potential to play regulatory roles in genome functioning. Moreover, scGSLoop preserves single-cell information by identifying a distinct group of loops for each individual cell, which not only enables an understanding of the variability of chromatin looping states between cells, but also allows scGSLoop to be extended for the investigation of multi-connected hubs and their underlying mechanisms. © 2023 The Authors. Advanced Science published by Wiley-VCH GmbH.

Research Area(s)

  • chromatin loops, functional loops, multi-connected hubs, single-cell Hi-C

Citation Format(s)

A Lightweight Framework For Chromatin Loop Detection at the Single-Cell Level. / Wang, Fuzhou; Alinejad-Rokny, Hamid; Lin, Jiecong et al.
In: Advanced Science, Vol. 10, No. 33, 2303502, 24.11.2023.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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