A highly efficient and sustainable heat sink via liquid film boiling in hybrid mesh with active liquid supply

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article number116688
Journal / PublicationEnergy Conversion and Management
Online published20 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2023


Two-phase heat transfer holds great potential to achieve efficient thermal management for high-power applications. However, achieving high thermal performance and sustainability simultaneously could be mutually exclusive. Here, we develop a rational design of a heat sink via liquid film boiling in hybrid mesh with active liquid supply. The heat sink exhibits a high critical heat flux of over 600 W/cm2 and an average heat transfer coefficient of 38 W/cm2K at a flow rate of only 0.4 ml/s on a heating surface of 1 cm2 with water under atmospheric conditions. The proposed architecture that comprises a superhydrophilic porous layer maintaining efficient liquid film boiling via a 3-D manifold decreasing wicking length enables huge heat dissipation with small pumping power and water consumption. The visualizations and the results of theoretical modeling demonstrate that the critical heat flux of the liquid film boiling on our functional structure is mainly constrained by the venting of vapor bubbles and increases with increase in flow rate before the liquid wicking limit is reached. The proposed strategy of employing liquid film boiling with minimum liquid transport distance may suggest a new design direction for efficient and sustainable two-phase cooling. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Research Area(s)

  • Hybrid mesh heat sink, Liquid film boiling, Heat transfer enhancement, Capillary wicking, Sustainable cooling

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