A geometrical criterion for the dynamic snap-off event of a non-wetting droplet in a rectangular pore–throat microchannel

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Zhang Li
  • Zhaolin Gu
  • Chen Wang
  • Chungang Chen
  • Chunlei Yu
  • Yigen Zhang
  • Qinglin Shu
  • Weidong Cao
  • Junwei Su

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number042014
Journal / PublicationPhysics of Fluids
Volume34
Issue number4
Online published21 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Abstract

In porous media, non-wetting phase droplets snapping off in a constricted microchannel are one of the most common phenomena in two-phase flow processes. In this paper, the application range of the classic quasi-static criterion in rectangular cross section microchannels is obtained. For three different droplet breakup phenomena—total breakup, partial breakup, and non-breakup—observed in experiments when a non-wetting phase droplet passes through a microchannel constriction, the breakup is caused by the droplet neck snapping off in a channel constriction. A critical criterion for the dynamic snap-off event in a two-phase flow is proposed considering the effect of viscous dissipation by mechanical analysis, energy dissipation analysis, and many microfluidic experiments. When the droplet front flows out of the constriction, snap-off will occur if the surface energy release exceeds the required energy for viscous dissipation and kinetic energy conversion. The unique partial breakup phenomenon is affected by droplet surfactant distribution and the acceleration effect in the constriction center. This partial breakup phenomenon in experiments is an essential evidence for the non-uniform distribution of surfactants in the droplet surface. The results of this study contribute to understanding pore-scale mass transfer and flow pattern changes within porous media.

Citation Format(s)

A geometrical criterion for the dynamic snap-off event of a non-wetting droplet in a rectangular pore–throat microchannel. / Li, Zhang; Gu, Zhaolin; Li, Ran; Wang, Chen; Chen, Chungang; Yu, Chunlei; Zhang, Yigen; Shu, Qinglin; Cao, Weidong; Su, Junwei.

In: Physics of Fluids, Vol. 34, No. 4, 042014, 04.2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review