A fully coupled meso-scale electro-chemo-mechanical phase field method for corrosion-induced fracture in concrete

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Original languageEnglish
Article number112165
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Solids and Structures
Online published16 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2023
Externally publishedYes


Corrosion-induced concrete cover deterioration is a major factor affecting the serviceability of the reinforced concrete (RC) structures. The entire corrosion process, including mass transport, physical/chemical/electrochemical reactions, and cover cracking, occurs at the meso-scale. This paper developed a fully coupled meso-scale electro-chemo-mechanical phase field method to accurately simulate the corrosion mechanism in RC structures. The simulation begins with the mass transport process in the concrete, including the moisture, chloride ions and oxygen. When the chloride concentration at the rebar surface reaches a critical value, corrosion initiates and then propagates. A meso-scale phase field model is adopted for characterizing the corrosion-induced damage in both mortar and interfacial transition zones (ITZs). In addition, crack direction dependent diffusivity tensors are proposed to consider the influence of damage on the mass transport process. The proposed numerical method is verified by previously reported experimental results, showing its ability to conduct high-fidelity simulations of corrosion-induced fracture in RC structures. Parametric studies are carried out to investigate the effect of aggregate distribution, cover thickness, relative humidity, and temperature on the corrosion process. © 2023 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Corrosion modeling, Crack-dependent diffusivity, Mass transport, Phase field method

Citation Format(s)