A crystal glass-nanostructured Al-based electrocatalyst for hydrogen evolution reaction

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Article numbereadd6421
Journal / PublicationScience Advances
Issue number44
Online published4 Nov 2022
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2022


Platinum-based catalysts are widely used in hydrogen evolution reactions; however, their applications are restricted because of the cost-efficiency trade-off. Here, we present a thermodynamics-based design strategy for synthesizing an Al73Mn7Ru20 (atomic %) metal catalyst via combinatorial magnetron co-sputtering. The new electrocatalyst is composed of ∼2 nanometers of medium-entropy nanocrystals surrounded by ∼2 nanometers of amorphous regions. The catalyst exhibits exceptional performance, similar to that of single-atom catalysts and better than that of nanocluster-based catalysts. We use aluminum rather than a noble metal as the principal element of the catalyst and ruthenium, which is cheaper than platinum, as the noble metal component. The design strategy provides an efficient route for the development of electrocatalysts for use in large-scale hydrogen production. Moreover, the superior hydrogen reaction evolution created by the synergistic effect of the nano-dualphase structure is expected to guide the development of high-performance catalysts in other alloy systems.