A cross-lagged model of self-esteem and life satisfaction : Gender differences among Chinese university students

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)546-551
Journal / PublicationPersonality and Individual Differences
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2012


Past research has shown a close relationship between self-esteem (SE) and life satisfaction (LS). Using cross-lagged structural equation modeling, the current longitudinal study examined the directionality of the relationship among a sample of Chinese university students (214 males and 134 females). In the model, SE and LS at Time 1 were used to predict SE and LS at Time 2, with socioeconomic status (SES) as the independent variable of both constructs. Results showed that SE consistently predicted subsequent LS among both genders, whereas no significant effects of LS on subsequent SE were found. Furthermore, SES had significant effects on LS among both genders. Its influence on SE, however, was significant among females only. Implications and limitations are discussed. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Research Area(s)

  • Cross-lagged model, Gender difference, Life satisfaction, Self-esteem