A cross-country efficiency and productivity evaluation of commercial banks in South Asia : A meta-frontier and Malmquist productivity index approach

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

  • Wasi Ul Hassan Shah
  • Nan Zhu
  • Rizwana Yasmeen
  • Ihtsham Ul Haq Padda
  • Muhammad Abdul Kamal

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0265349
Journal / PublicationPLOS ONE
Volume17
Issue number4
Online published6 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2022

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Abstract

South Asia primarily consists of developing economies with diverse financial systems. The commercial banking industry plays a crucial role in each country's financial development in the region. This research aims to evaluate commercial banking industries' efficiency and productivity growth in the South Asian (SA) region over 6 years (2013-2018). In addition, the technology gap among the banking industries of all countries is also explored. Data envelopment analysis (DEA) Meta-frontier is employed to measure the technical efficiency (TE) and technology gap ratio (TGR) among the countries. Further Malmquist productivity index (MPI) is used for productivity change estimation. Results indicate that, on average, 147 commercial banks (CBs) have a technical efficiency score of 0.6208, while CBs in Nepal are the most efficient in the region with an average score of 0.7153. The Meta frontier analysis also confirms the presence of different production technologies in CBs. Nepal's CBs group frontier is closer to meta-frontier (technology gap ratio, TGR = 0.9361) While, Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, and Sri Lanka rank second, third, fourth, and fifth, respectively. The results of productivity contend that the total factor productivity change of all 147 CBs decreases by 0.8 percent on average over the study period. CBs have enhanced their productivity growth in Sri Lanka, Nepal, and Pakistan, but declining trends have been witnessed in Indian and Bangladesh's commercial banking industries.

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Citation Format(s)

A cross-country efficiency and productivity evaluation of commercial banks in South Asia : A meta-frontier and Malmquist productivity index approach. / Ul Hassan Shah, Wasi; Hao, Gang; Zhu, Nan; Yasmeen, Rizwana; Ul Haq Padda, Ihtsham; Kamal, Muhammad Abdul.

In: PLOS ONE, Vol. 17, No. 4, e0265349, 2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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