A comprehensive review of dye-sensitized solar cell optimal fabrication conditions, natural dye selection, and application-based future perspectives

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

8 Scopus Citations
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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)371–404
Journal / PublicationEnvironmental Science and Pollution Research
Volume29
Issue number1
Online published21 Oct 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Abstract

Dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSC) constructed using natural dyes possess irreplaceable advantages in energy applications. The main reasons are its performance, environmentally benign dyes, impressible performance in low light, ecologically friendly energy production, and versatile solar product integration. Though DSSCs using natural dyes as sensitizers have many advantages, they suffer from poor efficiency compared to conventional silicon solar cells. Moreover, the difficulty in converting them to practical devices for the day-to-day energy needs has to be addressed. This review will outline the optimization of conditions to be followed for better efficiency in DSSCs using natural dyes as sensitizers. This review has taken into account the importance of the first step towards the fabrication of DSSC, i.e. the selection process. The selection of plant parts has a noticeable impact on the overall efficiency of the device. Accordingly, a proper study has been done to analyse the plant’s parts that have shown better results in terms of device efficiency. In addition to this, a wide range of techniques and factors such as extraction methods, the solvent used, coating techniques, immersing time, and co-sensitization have been taken into consideration from the studies done over the period of 10 years to examine their influence on the overall performance of the DSSC device. These results have been addressed to stipulate the best suitable condition that will help supplement the efficiency of the device even further. Also, the future perspectives, such as the DSSCs use in wearable devices, incorporating various approaches to enhance the power conversion efficiency of DSSCs using natural dyes, and thermochromism ability for DSSCs have been discussed.

Research Area(s)

  • Dye-sensitized solar cells, Organic solar cells, DSSC, Natural dyes, Dyes for solar cells, Power conversion efficiency, Wearable devices, Thermo-chromism, Additives for organic solar cells, Enhancers

Citation Format(s)

A comprehensive review of dye-sensitized solar cell optimal fabrication conditions, natural dye selection, and application-based future perspectives. / Baby, Ruby; Nixon, Peter Daniel; Kumar, Nallapaneni Manoj; Subathra, M. S. P.; Ananthi, Nallamuthu.

In: Environmental Science and Pollution Research , Vol. 29, No. 1, 01.2022, p. 371–404.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review