A comprehensive multi-objective mixed integer nonlinear programming model for an integrated elderly care service districting problem

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)499–529
Journal / PublicationAnnals of Operations Research
Issue number1-2
Online published16 Oct 2018
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


The integrated care service districting (ICSD) problem is an important logistics decision that the elderly care structures (ECS) face when designing service networks to deliver integrated care to the elderly. The ICSD problem, which aims to prepare enhanced care worker recruitment and training plans for all well-designed service districts, is formulated as a multi-objectives mixed integer nonlinear programming (MOMINLP) model. Several criteria are considered, such as balanced workload of care workers among districts, compactness, indivisibility of elderly locations, and the unknown number of districts to be designed. The model considers three objectives simultaneously, including minimizing the total cost of hiring care workers necessary in all service districts, balancing the workload among districts, and achieving as much compactness of district as possible. Results for analysis were obtained by nondominated sorting genetic algorithm II, a well-known multi-objective evolutionary algorithm for continuous multi-objective optimization, which was modified for our MOMINLP model and tested with actual case. Effects of key parameters, including district- and service-related parameters, on these three objectives were analyzed based on different concerns from decision-makers. Furthermore, different correlations among the deviation of service workload and policies for work encouragement were analyzed for ECS. It informs decision-makers about the performance of key factors of the ICSD problem and improves service quality with proper decisions on related parameters.

Research Area(s)

  • Care worker allocation problem, Integrated care service districting problem, Integrated elderly care, Mixed-integer nonlinear programming, Multi-objective optimization, NSGA-II

Citation Format(s)