A comparison of positive youth development against depression and suicidal ideation in youth from Hong Kong and the Netherlands

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number2017-0105
Journal / PublicationInternational Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Volume32
Issue number2
Online published23 Nov 2017
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Abstract

Background: This study tests the buffering effects of positive youth development (PYD) factors against depression and suicidal ideation across Hong Kong and Dutch students.
Methods: We collected data on depression, suicidal ideation, history of childhood maltreatment, and PYD from 565 Dutch and Hong Kong undergraduates. The three PYD factors, prosocial attributes, positive identity, and cognitive-behavioral competence, were examined for their moderating role in the relationship among childhood maltreatment, depression, and suicidal ideation in path analysis.
Results: Direct protective effects are found for all PYD factors in both cultures, except for cognitive-behavioral competence in the Dutch sample. A buffering effect of the PYD factors is observed in the maltreatment-depression relationship in Dutch, but not in Hong Kong students. Only behavioral competence buffers against suicidal ideation in Dutch students, while other PYD factors show no buffering effect in both groups of participants.
Conclusion: The differences in relationships between two samples highlights the need to consider cultural differences.

Research Area(s)

  • buffering effect, childhood maltreatment, depression, positive youth development, suicidal ideation

Citation Format(s)

A comparison of positive youth development against depression and suicidal ideation in youth from Hong Kong and the Netherlands. / Leung, Cyrus L.K.; Bender, Michael; Kwok, Sylvia Y.C.L.

In: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Vol. 32, No. 2, 2017-0105, 04.2020.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review