A 3D flexible and robust HAPs/PVA separator prepared by a freezing-drying method for safe lithium metal batteries

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review

3 Scopus Citations
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Author(s)

  • Can Liao
  • Zonghai Chen
  • Lei Song
  • Yongchun Kan
  • Yuan Hu

Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6859-6868
Number of pages10
Journal / PublicationJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume7
Issue number12
Early online date18 Feb 2019
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2019

Abstract

Lithium (Li) metal batteries have shown great promise for next-generation electrical energy storage due to the unique features of lithium metal like light weight, high specific capacity, and the lowest anode potential. Nevertheless, the uncontrollable growth of dendritic and mossy Li, resulting in a low coulombic efficiency and serious safety concerns, has hindered the practical application of rechargeable Li-metal batteries. Here we report an environmentally friendly nanocomposite separator, comprising polyvinyl alcohol and hydroxyapatite, which exhibits an outstanding Young's modulus and high mechanical flexibility. We show that this separator can efficiently suppress the growth of dendritic Li and enable a homogeneous stable solid electrolyte interphase. Compared to lithium metal batteries using a commercial polyolefin-based separator, cells using the reported nanocomposite separator demonstrate a superior electrochemical performance with a much higher coulombic efficiency during the charge/discharge cycling at a practical current density of 2 mA cm-2 . This work indicates that nanocomposite engineering could be a promising strategy to develop stable, safe and sustainable Li-metal batteries.

Research Area(s)

  • DEPOSITION, HYDROXYAPATITE, ELECTROLYTES

Citation Format(s)

A 3D flexible and robust HAPs/PVA separator prepared by a freezing-drying method for safe lithium metal batteries. / Wang, Wei; Liao, Can; Liew, Kim Meow; Chen, Zonghai; Song, Lei; Kan, Yongchun; Hu, Yuan.

In: Journal of Materials Chemistry A, Vol. 7, No. 12, 28.03.2019, p. 6859-6868.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalNot applicablepeer-review