2-D Spatially Variant Motion Error Compensation for High-Resolution Airborne SAR Based on Range-Doppler Expansion Approach

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Detail(s)

Original languageEnglish
Article number5201413
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Volume60
Online published18 Jan 2021
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Abstract

Motion errors are inevitable in real-world scenarios and introduce significant phase errors in airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imaging. Generally, these errors consist of the cross-coupling and spatially variant components. Cross-coupling errors can usually be eliminated by motion compensation (MoCo), whereas the latter are seldom addressed, which deteriorate the imaging qualities, especially for the high-resolution cases. To solve the problem, a novel approach based on 2-D range-Doppler expansion is proposed. First, an accurate range equation of the aircraft is obtained based on the inertial navigation system (INS) data. Then, the range-Doppler expansion corresponding to the slant range and Doppler centroid are performed, by which the echo signal is decoupled into two spatially variant parts in range and azimuth directions. Finally, the chirp-z transforms (CZTs) are employed to remove the range and azimuth spatial variations introduced, respectively, by the cross-track and along-track errors. Different from the conventional methods, our approach can greatly decrease the cross-coupling and spatially variant effects brought by motion errors in high-resolution cases. Computer simulation and real data experiments demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

Research Area(s)

  • 2-D range-Doppler expansion, airborne synthetic aperture radar (SAR), Apertures, Atmospheric modeling, Azimuth, chirp-z transform (CZT), Doppler effect, Imaging, motion error compensation, Synthetic aperture radar, Trajectory

Citation Format(s)

2-D Spatially Variant Motion Error Compensation for High-Resolution Airborne SAR Based on Range-Doppler Expansion Approach. / Ren, Yi; Tang, Shiyang; Guo, Ping; Zhang, Linrang; So, Hing Cheung.

In: IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Vol. 60, 5201413, 2022.

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review