2-D Beam-Scanning Bessel Launcher for Terahertz Applications

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5893-5903
Journal / PublicationIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number8
Online published27 Apr 2020
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


This paper proposes a novel non-diffractive Bessel beam launcher based on discrete dielectric lens antenna (DDL) with 2-dimensional (2-D) beam scanning capability operating at 300 GHz. The terahertz (THz) Bessel beam launcher consists of two identical in-plane rotatable DDLs, fed by a commercially available pyramid horn. First, the two thin and lightweight DDLs can transform the quasi-Gaussian beam with spherical phase front from the feed horn into a well collimated and confined pseudo-Bessel beam. Secondly, we demonstrate that simultaneous in-plane rotation of the two DLLs in the same and opposite directions can steer the generated Bessel beam in the azimuth and elevation, respectively. Hexagonal dielectric post is employed as the element of the DDL, whose height is tuned from pixel to pixel to realize the required aperture phase distribution. 3-D printing technology was utilized to fabricate the two DDLs aiming at simplifying the manufacturing process and reducing the cost. The theoretically calculated, simulated and measured results reveal that the designed THz DDL can generate 2-D scanning non-diffractive Bessel beam with a large field of view (FoV) of 86.2º and full azimuth coverage. The proposed 2-D scanning THz Bessel beam launcher can find widespread applications in THz fast non-contact detection, tracking and imaging systems.

Research Area(s)

  • 3-D printing, Beam scanning, Bessel beam, dielectric lens, terahertz (THz)