基础设施与都市发展 - “一带一路” 背景下格鲁吉亚城市的现状与未来

Infrastructure and urban development : the status Quo and future of Georgian Cities under the background of the Belt and Road Initiative

Research output: Journal Publications and Reviews (RGC: 21, 22, 62)21_Publication in refereed journalpeer-review

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Author(s)

Detail(s)

Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)42-48
Number of pages7
Journal / Publication城市建筑
Volume19
Issue number1 (总第 414)
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2022

Abstract

格鲁吉亚优越的水陆地理条件使得它成为重要的东西方交流中转站,交通基础设施的发展给这个国家的都市带来了投资与发展机会。但目前已有的关于其交通与城市发展的研究大多停留在苏联时期的构筑物上,缺乏对于当代发展的更新研究,因此本研究对该地区的交通与城市发展展开了初步研究,以期提供进一步讨论的思路。作者基于经典的TMG交通与城市关系发展模型,结合格鲁吉亚发展背景,提出了格鲁吉亚四阶段发展理论。结合案例分析的方法,探究了2个受“一带一路”影响的格鲁吉亚城市及相关重大交通基础设施项目——阿那克利亚港口城与阿那克利亚深海港、第比利斯城与巴库—第比利斯—卡斯铁路线。从宏观到微观进行批判性分析,包含对交通基础设施建设本身和都市尺度及建筑尺度分析。研究发现,在城市层面上,交通基础设施可以从根本上影响城市发展策略与格局;在建筑层面上,国际投资建设可能会提升本地建筑质量,但也可能会带走本土建筑文化;在“一带一路”倡议上,促进共同发展的主要目标给发展中国家带来了巨大的交通与城市发展机会。本研究旨在于“一带一路”倡议的初期提供基础性研究与反思,并且期望对高加索地区的交通基础设施与都市发展研究有所贡献。
Georgia’s superior access to land and sea transport makes it a natural transit hub between the global East and West. To promote its economic development, Georgia strongly prioritises its transport sectors. The improvement of transport infrastructure brings investment to the cities involved, furthering their development. This research, using case studies, investigates the urban development of the port town of Anaklia and the capital city Tbilisi on both urban and architectural scales through the lens of Belt-and-Road Initiative (B&R). Two major transit infrastructure projects – the Deep Sea Port and the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway - are highlighted and analysed by a proposed 4-phase study model. This research aims to provide critical insights into urban prosperity and decay and their connection with the development of transit projects. The research also provides a study of the B&R from a spatial viewpoint. Its findings are expected to enrich the English-language literature on transport infrastructure and urban development in the Transcaucasia.

Research Area(s)

  • 交通基础设施, 都市发展, 格鲁吉亚, 中国, 一带一路, transport infrastructure, urban development, Georgia, China, the Belt and Road Initiative