Sustained Participation in Open Source Software Projects
DescriptionThe open source software development (OSS) model has attracted academic and corporate attention over the last decade [1, 2]. OSS represents an alternative software development mechanism that may potentially result in high quality software at relatively low costs , and has now metamorphosed into commercially viable forms, a phenomenon labeled "OSS 2.0" . Numerous OSS projects have achieved remarkable adoption success. Gartner group estimates that the market for OSS IT services will reach US $4.3 billion by 2010; 60% of the largest North-American companies planned to implement OSS applications, half of these for mission critical needs . Similarly, the OSS software enterprise user community has been growing rapidly in the Asia-Pacific region, including Hong Kong.Despite the notable success stories, many more OSS projects have failed, frequently due to insufficient volunteer participation [6-8]. OSS communities cannot survive or thrive without individual developer participation . Because participants are often self-employed freelancers and volunteers rather than employees, it is not possible to rely on standard employment contracts and incentives to motivate and retain them . While this challenging "voluntary participation" dynamic has energized considerable research into OSS developer participation , most research to date has focused on identifying individuals' initial reasons for participation – sometimes with an implicit assumption that these reasons might also be related to extended participation, but only rarely with any explicit consideration of long-term effects. Thus, the objective of this study is to address the research question:what mechanisms sustain voluntary developer participation in OSS communities?Considering that 80 % of OSS projects fade away due to insufficient long-term participation and quality output [11, 12], additional research into this question is imperative [13, 14].
|Effective start/end date||1/01/10 → 27/03/13|