Perceived Loneliness and Clandestine Up-Skirt Photography among Young Adults in Hong Kong: Implications for Early Education, Prevention, and Intervention

Project: Research

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Researcher(s)

Description

Clandestine up-skirt photography usually refers to a behavior done by a person who uses covert camera to photograph/videotape a female directing up-skirt/down-blouse in a public or private place without their knowledge or consent. Although the psychiatric and criminal natures of this behavior are still under debate and pending for further definition, it is emerging both in the global and local contexts to the extent that it catches substantial attention in the legal and social contexts. Different from other intrusive sexual offences, such as rape, incest, or child molestation, it is less intrusive with no physical contact with the victims. This leads the perpetrators create a false hope of not being caught easily and disregard the possible harms created for the victims. Until this moment, except for few in the legal aspect, specific literature and empirical research on the behavior across the world is rare. Knowledge of the behavior is still little known. The previous studies usually related sexual offending to the role of childhood attachments, loneliness, social isolation, and lack of intimacy. When loneliness has become more prevalent in contemporary societies, it is crucially important to examine its relationships with sexual offending in general and clandestine up-skirt photography in specific before it becomes chronic and serious.Against this background, this study aims at examining the relationships of young male adults’ (who are between 18 and 34) everyday life routinization and sense of loneliness with their sexual offence of clandestine up-skirt photography, in comparison with other paraphilic sexual offences, non-sexual offences, and a community control group. The risk and protective factors which differentiate them onto the pathways of offending (sexual and non-sexual) and non-offending from onset, progression, maintenance, desistence, and rehabilitation will also be explored. This proposed study includes (1) a quantitative questionnaire survey to four groups of young male adults (a total sample of N=600) with a sexual offence of clandestine up-skirt photography (N=100), other paraphilic sexual offences (N=100), non-sexual offences (N=200), and a community group (N=200), and (2) a semi-structured qualitative individual in-depth interviews (a total sample of N=80) with a sub-sample of N=20 from each of the 4 groups of target participants. This study fills a distinct knowledge and conceptual gap in the literature and it is a pioneering empirical study on the natures and pathways onto the sexual offence of clandestine up-skirt photography both in the global and Chinese context. The study will also provide important insights for helping professionals offering relevant education, correction, and rehabilitation services in an early identification, prevention, and intervention manner. 

Detail(s)

Project number9042920
Grant typeGRF
StatusActive
Effective start/end date1/01/20 → …