Mass Transit Railway and Comprehensive Development - A Study of Tung Chong Line Properties in Hong Kong

Project: Research

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Asian cities generally face challenges of insufficient urban land and growing populations. In Hong Kong, for example, the buildable land only accounts for one quarter of its 1,080 sq. km territory, but it caters for the livelihood of seven million citizens and 24 million visitors each year. High-rise and high-density development may be one major, possible way to sustain the operation of these cities. Hong Kong has kept a good record of developing comprehensive buildings above and around train/ subway stations since the 1980s. In 1991, the Hong Kong government proposed a “Rose Garden” plan, including building the Airport Express/Tung Chong railway line, which was completed in 1998. To provide convenience for living and working, and also offset the huge investment of underground railway construction, the Mass Transit Railway Corporation (MTRC) developed the stations into mega-structures of traffic transit, shopping mall, residential and office complexes. These stations handle tens of thousands passengers a day and also become homes to millions of people.This study aims to address the following questions through case studies of three prominent station-complexes, the super Kowloon Station, the Olympian City in Kowloon Peninsula and Tsing Yi in the New Territory: How were these station-complexes initiated? How did the routing and alignment of the rail line coordinate and cope with the overall planning of the government? What are the intentions of the construction designs behind these mega-structure developments? What technical advantages do these mega-structures embody and bring? How did these mega-structures positively contribute to the lives of the city and its people? How do people accept these mega-structures? Are they sustainable in terms of land use and energy consumption? What lessons can be drawn from these mega-structures?This study will be significant in concluding the success and failure of these comprehensive mega-structures and discovering the reasons, mechanisms and processes of producing such large-scale, comprehensive buildings. The research outcomes can well inform the stakeholders, i.e., the government, developers, building professionals and end-users, in Hong Kong and other world cities.


Project number7002487
Grant typeSRG
Effective start/end date1/04/0920/09/11