Developing a 3D NO2 Land-use Regression (LUR) Model for Air Pollution Exposure Study in Mega-city
DescriptionAs air quality continues to worsen in the city in response to increasing traffic emissions in the urban area, the health effect of air pollution will be more noticeable and severe. The recent development of the Land-use regression (LUR) model aims to derive a cost effective solution for evaluating air pollution exposure for epidemiological study, which accounts for the variability of air pollutant concentration within the city. The current methodology allows one to apply a number of local air quality measurements with land-use related predictors (traffic, land-use and topography) to derive a high-resolution spatial distribution (2D) of air pollutant concentrations within the city.In this proposal, a new 3D Land-use regression model will be developed using the traditional 2D LUR model, urban/building morphology, and vertical profiles of air pollutant. The selected pollutant for this study is NO2, one of the predominant pollutants from traffic emission, while the target area of the study is Mongkok district, the downtown area of Hong Kong. First, the study integrates local geographical data (e.g., road network, topography, land-use type, urban/building morphology and vehicle fleet characteristics) to build a 2D LUR model. Different experimental data including local traffic count, mobile measurement of roadside NO2, and vertical profiles of NO2 are then added to formulate a 3D LUR model. With the assist of the Computational Fluid Dynamic (CFD) model, measured vertical profiles of NO2 are converted into standard/generic vertical profiles for different building environments through building parameterization.This new LUR approach allows one to consider several additional parameters beyond the existing 2D LUR model, which includes building height, frontal area index, and building morphological parameter, specifically designed for the mega-city. The vertical profiles of NO2 for different built environments are incorporated to achieve a 3D LUR model, which provides a way to account for the actual floor height of where an individual is located. Since the vertical profiles of NO2 in urban high-rise buildings exhibit exponential/third order-like decay with height, the inclusion of vertical profiles improves the overall performance of actual air pollution exposure of an individual in the epidemiological study. It also provides valuable information of general indoor/outdoor NO2 air quality in Hong Kong. Success of the proposed research will lead to a better method of predicting air pollution exposure for epidemiological studies in the mega-city.
|Effective start/end date||1/10/17 → …|