Compressible Jet Flows Effluxing from a Semi-infinitely Long Nozzle

Project: ResearchGRF

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The aim of this project is to develop the mathematical theory of compressible jet flows, particularly focusing on the rigorous mathematical analysis of the existence of jet flows effluxing from a semi-infinite long nozzle and related problems by the variational method. Jet flows can be frequently observed by gas steaming in parallel flow out of an orifice into the atmosphere. On the basis of observation we suppose that the jet of escaping gas is separated from the quiet air at atmospheric pressure by a boundary consisting of a discontinuity surface. Moreover, we consider the steady, isentropic, and irrotational flow, and assume that the incoming flow at the inlet is subsonic. More description about the steady, isentropic and irrotational jet flow can be found in Courant-Friedrichs’ classic book (cf. [25, p289–290]). Moreover, the jet flow is completely different from the shock wave, since jet flow is characteristic, i.e., the wave generates along the velocity field. Therefore, as a typical prototype of the elementary waves in the gas dynamics, the study of the well-posedness theory related to the compressible jet flows contributes a lot to the mathematical theories of the interface and free boundary. It is a long history to study the jet problem by the variational method. For the irrotational incompressible Euler flows, the variational method was first introduced by P.R. Guardian, H. Lewy and M. Schiffer to deal with the axially symmetric cavitational flows in [31]. Then it has been significantly developed by Alt-Caffarelli-Friedman in their elegant works in [1, 2, 3], and was applied to deal with jet flows, cavitational flows and jet flows with gravity in [2], and two phase fluids in [3]. On the other hand, for the compressible flow, as far as the P.I. know, there are few results (cf. [4] and [7]) on the global existence of the compressible jet flow. Because compressible jet flow is fundamental and important even though there are very few results, it is valuable for us to work on the objectives proposed in this project. We have been working on the related problems for several years. Recently, we have established the well-posed theory of the Rethy flows in two dimensions [22] and in the axially symmetric case [23]; incompressible jet flows for various pressures at the outlet [24]; subsonic smooth Euler flows in infinitely long nozzles [12]; and compressible two phase flows in infinitely long nozzles [19]. In this project, we will mainly focus on a further development of the technics of proving the obtained results, to study the mentioned objectives. In [4] and [7], the speed on the boundary of the jet is given a priori to make the flow to be subsonic, while the incoming flow at the inlet is not given and determined by the speed on the boundary of the jet. There is a nature question on the existence of the jet flows when the flow at the inlet is given a priori. Hence the results and techniques developed from this research project will also provide a better understanding of this problem.


Effective start/end date1/01/18 → …