Being an Extra Miler When Feeling Overqualified? Overqualification, Extra-role Behavior, Career Development, and the Moderation of Organizational Identification and Leader Humility

Project: Research

View graph of relations


Overqualification, a situation in which an individual's qualifications, such as education, work experience, and skills, are beyond the requirements of the job (Erdogan & Bauer,2009; Maynard, Joseph, & Maynard, 2006), is prevalence in contemporary organizations. Our understanding of the outcomes of overqualification is inconclusive and biased. Dominantly in the literature, overqualification has been considered as an undesirable phenomenon. Studies have shown that feelings of overqualification are negatively related to satisfaction with one' job, commitment to the organization and positively associated with a desire to leave the company (for a review, see Harari, Manapragada, & Viswesvaran, 2017).Scholars, however, have begun to suggest although there are various drawbacks tooverqualification, overqualification may also provide positive outcomes for employees and employers alike (e.g., Erdogan, Bauer, Peiro, & Truxillo, 2011). There is emerging evidence that feelings of overqualification may be linked to positive consequences such as proactive behaviors (Zhang, Law, & Lin, 2016), creativity (e.g.,Luksyte & Spitzmueller, 2016) and OCB (Lin, Law, & Zhou, 2017).Given the controversy in the existing literature, integrating capability-willingness-opportunity modeland minority influence model, we try to examine the implication of employee overqualification on extra-role behaviors, which will further affect employee career outcomes. We propose a novel, multilevel model that posits (1) employee perceived overqualification interacts with organizational identification to predict extra-role behaviors (i.e., helping and voice behavior); (2) leader humility works as a considerable cross-level moderator; (2) extra-role behaviors further contribute to employee career outcomes, including promotability and leader emergence.We will examine these issues through a series of multimethod studies, combining experiments and longitudinal field surveys, and field experiments. This research project highlights the moderating roles of employee organizational identification and leader humility in affecting the implication of employee overqualification on extra-role behaviors and career development, thereby shedding light on organizations' and employee's efforts to reduce the adverse outcomes and harvest the bright side of overqualification. 


Project number9048157
Grant typeECS
Effective start/end date1/09/192/01/22